Tongue Cancer Prognosis
Tongue cancer is a malignant tumor affecting the tongue. Successful treatment and tongue cancer prognosis greatly depend up on the timely detection of the disease. Tongue cancer prognosis and the survival rate are based on a number of factors.
The following features are important determining factors for tongue cancer prognosis:
• Size is an important determining factor for tongue cancer prognosis:
The size and extent of the tumor determines the prognosis and the survival rate of tongue cancer patients. Small growths are easy to excise and manage, and result in high survival rates, as compared to large tumors. Statistics reports state that 56 % of patients diagnosed with tongue cancer survive for 5 years after the detection has been made. Additionally, 41 % show a 10 year survival rate.
By metastasis is meant, the spread and the extension of the tumor, from the tongue, to surrounding structures. Tongue cancer spreads rapidly to the adjacent structures, such as the moth, throat, neck, jaws and lymph nodes. They also travel through the blood stream and reach other organs. Patients who demonstrate excessive metastasis have poorer prognosis, than those in whom the cancer is restricted to one area.
• Risk factors that have a bearing on tongue cancer prognosis:
The survival rate diminishes considerably in those individuals who carry on with their risky behavior. Risk factors for tongue cancer are: smoking, chewing tobacco, alcohol consumption, UV light exposure, and HPV infection. Those who do not put a stop to the causative agents die within 5 years, or have a greater risk of recurrence within 5 years, once the tumor is excised.
• General health and support system determine tongue cancer prognosis:
A good support system tremendously improves the survival rate in a cancer patient. An understanding family and supportive friends are of the utmost importance. It helps relieve stress and anxiety, and appreciably boosts the prognosis in cancer patients. Also, cancer support groups where cancer patients interact with one another are known to be highly beneficial. Patients not having a supportive family are likely to have higher death rates.
• Healthy habits:
Adopt a new, regular and healthy lifestyle. It boosts the survival rate and prevents recurrences. Quit unhealthy habits. Steer clear of alcohol and tobacco. A wholesome, healthy diet, packed with powerful anti-oxidants supports the treatment plan, helps fight the disease and perks up survival rate significantly. Consuming organic foods, loads of fresh fruits and vegetables, exercising, getting adequate rest and efficiently managing stress improve prognosis.
Tongue Cancer Prognosis